THE BIBLE DECLARES: JESUS CHRIST IS GOD
by Pastor Shane Montgomery
In this pamphlet the Word of God will be declaring for itself the truth that "Jesus Christ is God." This great Biblical truth will be presented in outline form. This topic can never be exhausted since Jesus Christ is "the Word of God" (John 1:1). Men may deny the Deity of Jesus Christ, but they cannot deny that the Bible plainly reveals Him as Jehovah God. The Scripture quotations will be from the King James Bible.
I. Jesus Christ is called "God."
Although Jesus Christ did not feel the need to repeatedly refer to Himself as God, or Jehovah, the Scriptures refer to Him as God in many instances.
The Old Testament prophesied of a coming virgin-born son who would be called Immanuel, or "God with us": Isaiah 7:14, "Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."
This prophecy was fulfilled in Jesus Christ: Matthew 1:21-23, "And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
Emmanuel, God with us, was God manifest in the flesh who became a man that He might redeem man from his sin: I Timothy 3:16, "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory."
The Word of God, Jesus Christ, is God in the flesh: John 1:1, 14, "In the beginning was the Word, and Word was with God, and Word was God...And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us."
Isaiah revealed many other titles of Jesus Christ as God, and the Bible makes it clear that there is only one "true" God (see Deu 4:35; II Sam 22:32; Is 43:10; 44:6, 8; 45:21-22; I Cor 8:6; I Tim 1:17; 2:5) and one "Father" (see Is 40:28; Rom 16:26; Eph 4:6; I Thes 1:1; Jude 1), and that Jehovah is also referred to as mighty God (see Gen 49:24; Ps 50:1; 132:2,5; Is 10:20-21; Jer 32:18): Isaiah 9:6, "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."
Thomas called Jesus "God," and Jesus accepted the title: John 20:28-29, "And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed."
The Jews recognised that Jesus was claiming to be God: John 10:33, "The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God."
Paul referred to Jesus as God: Romans 9:5, "Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen." Titus 2:13, "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ."
John referred to Jesus as God: I John 5:20, "And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life."
Jeremiah referred to Jesus Christ as Jehovah God: Jeremiah 23:5-6, "Behold the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS." (Also see I Cor 1:30)
God Himself, in quoting Psalms 45:6, refers to the Son, Jesus Christ, as God: Hebrews 1:8, "But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom."
The blood that was shed by Jesus Christ is referred to as God's blood (see Zech 12:1-10; Eph 1:3-7): Acts 20:28, "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood."
II. The Father and the Son are "One God."
Jesus Christ is the bodily manifestation of the Godhead, or Trinity (also see Col 1:15; Heb 1:3; I John 1:1-3): Colossians 2:8-9, "Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily." I John 5:7, "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."
Jesus declared His and the Father's oneness, stating that those that saw Him saw God (also see John 17:3, 10-11, 22): John 10:30, "I and my Father are one."
John 12:45, "And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me." John 14:8-9, "Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?" John 14:23, "Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him." (Bold mine)
The Father and the Son have one name: Matthew 28:19, "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." (Bold mine). Genesis 1:26, "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." (Bold mine)
The name of the Father and of Jesus Christ are coupled throughout the New Testament (also see I Thes 3:11; II Thes 2:16; I Tim 1:1; II Pet 1:1-2; Jude 21):
II Corinthians 13:14, "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen."
III. Jesus Christ is Equal to God, and therefore He is God.
A. Jesus Christ is declared equal.
Not only does Jesus Christ possess the same names, power, offices, and attributes of God (see points IV, V, VI, VII), but He claimed Himself to be equal to God, and the Scriptures declare Him to be equal to and the same Jehovah God of the Old Testament.
The Jews recognised that Jesus was claiming equality with God: John 5:17-18, "But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God."
Jesus demanded equal honour with God: John 5:23, "That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father, He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him."
Jesus is declared to be equal with God: Philippians 2:6, "Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God."
B. Jesus Christ is worshipped as only God is to be worshipped.
The Bible forbids the worship of anyone or anything but Jehovah God: Exodus 34:14, "For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God." (Also see Ex 20:3)
Jesus repeated this commandment in the New Testament: Matthew 4:10, "Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve." (Also see Lk 4:8)
In obedience to these commandments, Peter denied worship from believers: Acts 10:25-26, "And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him. But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man."
Paul and Barnabas also denied worship: Acts 14:13-15, "Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people. Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out, And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein."
Herod was killed by God for accepting the worship of a god: Acts 12:21-23, "And upon a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat upon his throne, and made an oration unto them. And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man. And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost."
Even angels denied worship: Revelation 22:8-9, "And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of they brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God." (Also see Rev 19:10)
The wise men worshipped Jesus Christ: Matthew 2:11, "And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh." (Also see Matt 2:2)
Jesus Christ freely accepted worship of men: Matthew 8:2, "And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean." (Also see Matt 9:18; 14:33; 15:25; 18:26; 20:20; 28:9, 17; Mk 5:6; Lk 5:8; 24:52; Jn 9:38; Acts 7:59)
At the name of Jesus every knee will bow, including angels, Satan, and spirits:
Philippians 2:10, "That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth."
God commands the angels to worship Him: Hebrews 1:6, "And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him." (Also see Rev 5:12)
C. Jesus Christ was tempted as only God could be tempted.
The Old Testament Israelites tempted God in the desert (see Ex 17:2; Num 21:6) and yet the New Testament says that they had tempted Christ: I Corinthians 10:9, "Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents."
D. Jesus Christ was blasphemed, as only God can be.
Paul, who had made havoc of the church before his conversion (see Acts 8:3), admitted after his conversion that he had been a blasphemer, and yet he had been serving Jehovah God as fervently as his knowledge allowed: I Tim 1:13, "Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief."
E. All was created for Jesus Christ, as it was for God.
All was created for Jehovah God: Proverbs 16:4, "The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil."
Yet, all was created for Jesus Christ: Colossians 1:16-18, "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. And he is the head of the body, the church."
F. John the Baptist prepared the way for Jehovah, or Jesus.
Isaiah prophesied that a messenger would prepare the way for Jehovah God: Isaiah 40:3, "The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God."
Yet, in Matthew, the messenger (John the Baptist) prepared the way for Jesus Christ: Matthew 3:3, "For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight."
G. Jesus Christ is the object of salvation's call and the one for man to trust, as God is.
Joel the prophet told of the time when people would call upon Jehovah God to be saved: Joel 2:32, "And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call."
Peter quoted this verse referring to Jesus Christ: Acts 2:21, "And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved."
Paul presents Jesus Christ as the One that should be called upon for salvation:
I Corinthians 1:2, "Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours."
Acts 16:31, "And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house." (Also see Jn 1:12)
Men are commanded to trust in and believe in Jehovah God: Jeremiah 17:7, "Blessed is the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is." (Also see Ps 39:7; 71:5; I Tim 4:10; I Pet 1:21)
Jesus Christ is the One to be trusted in the New Testament: Ephesians 1:13, "In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise." (Also see I Tim 1:1)
Jesus claims equality with God in being worthy of man's belief: John 14:1, "Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me."
Eternal life is promised to those that believe in God: John 5:24, "Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life."
Yet, eternal life is promised to those that believe in Jesus Christ: John 3:16, "For God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." (Also see Jn 3:15; 6:47)
H. Jesus Christ is the object of prayer, as God is.
God is to be prayed to: Psalms 5:2-3, "Hearken unto the voice of my cry, my King, and my God: for unto thee will I pray. My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O LORD; in the morning will I direct my prayer unto thee, and will look up." (Also see Ps 99:6; 118:5; 138:3)
Jesus Christ is to be prayed to: John 14:14, "If ye shall ask anything in my name, I will do it." (Bold mine)
Acts 7:59, "And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."
J. Jesus Christ is the subject of witnessing, as God is.
Saints are called to witness of Jehovah God: Isaiah 43:10, "Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen; that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me."
Saints are called to witness of Jesus Christ: Acts 1:8, "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."
K. Jesus Christ is the source of grace, joy, and peace, as God is.
God is presented in the Scriptures as the source of grace: I Peter 5:10, "But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you." (Also see Ps 84:11; Jas 1:17; 4:6)
Jesus Christ is also the source of grace: II Corinthians 13:14, "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen." (Also see Jn 1:17; Rom 5:15, 21; I Cor 1:4)
God is the source of rejoicing: Romans 5:11, "And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement." (Also see Hab 3:18; Lk 1:47; Rom 5:11)
Jesus Christ is the source of rejoicing: Philippians 3:3, "For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh."
God is the source of peace: I Thessalonians 5:23, "And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly." (Also see Is 26:12; II Cor 13:11; Heb 13:20)
Jesus Christ is the source of peace: Isaiah 9:6, "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace." (Also see Lk 1:79; Eph 2:14; II Thes 3:16)
L. Jesus Christ is the Christian's life, as God is.
God is man's life: Deuteronomy 30:20, "That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, and that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he is thy life, and the length of thy days."
Jesus Christ is the believer's life: Colossians 3:4, "When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory." (Also see Jn 1:4; 11:25; 14:6; I Jn 4:9)
M. Saints live unto Jesus Christ, as unto God.
Saints are said to "live unto God": Galatians 2:19, "For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God." (Also see Rom 6:11)
Saints are also said to live unto Jesus Christ: II Corinthians 5:15, "And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again."
N. Jesus Christ possesses the Holy Spirit, as God does.
The Holy Spirit is referred to as "the Spirit of God": Romans 8:14, "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God." (Also see Rom 8:9; 15:19; I Cor 2:11, 14; 3:16; 7:40; 12:3; Eph 4:30; I Jn 4:2)
The Holy Spirit is also called "the Spirit of Jesus Christ": Philippians 1:19, "For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ." (Also see Rom 8:9; Gal 4:6; I Pet 1:11)
O. Jesus Christ sends the Holy Spirit, as God does.
Jesus said that God would send the Comforter, the Holy Spirit: John 14:16, "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever." (Also see Jn 14:26; 15:26; Rom 8:9)
Jesus also said that He would send the Holy Spirit: John 16:7, "Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you." (Also see Jn 15:26; Rom 8:9)
IV. Jesus Christ has the names of God.
Besides being called "God" in the Scriptures, Jesus Christ also possesses many more of the titles given to Jehovah God.
A. Almighty (God's name: Gen 17:1; Rev 21:22)
Jesus Christ's name: Revelation 1:8, "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty."
B. Alpha and Omega (God's name: Rev 21:6)
Jesus Christ's name: Revelation 22:12-13, "And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last." (Also see Rev 1:8, 11)
C. First and Last (God's name only: Is 41:4; 44:6; 48:12-16; Rev 21:6-7)
Jesus Christ's name: Revelation 2:8, "And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive." (Also see Rev 1:8, 17; 22:13, 16)
D. Holy One (God's name: I Sam 2:2; Is 10:20; 41:14; 43:15; 54:5)
Jesus Christ's name: Acts 3:14, "But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you." (Also see Ps 16:10; Mark 1:24; Acts 2:27)
E. I AM (God's name: Ex 3:14)
Jesus Christ's name: John 8:58, "Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." (Also see John 6:35; 8:4-8, 12, 58; 10:9, 11, 14; 11:25; 14:6; Jn 15:1; 18:5-6)
F. King (God's name: Ps 10:16; 24:7-10; 29:10; 44:4; 47:2-7; Is 41:21; 43:15; 44:6; I Tim 1:17; 6:15)
Jesus Christ's name: Matthew 2:2, "Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him." (Also see Jer 23:5; Mic 5:2; Zech 14:9; Matt 21:5; 27:37; Jn 1:49; Jn 12:12-15; 16:15; 18:37; Rom 9:5; Eph 5:5; Rev 17:14; 19:16)
G. King of Kings and Lord of Lords (God's name: I Tim 6:15)
Jesus Christ is the Lamb of God (John 1:29), and He is also King of kings and Lord of lords: Revelation 17:14, "These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful." (Also see Rev 19:16)
H. Life (God's name: Deu 30:20)
Jesus Christ's name: John 14:6, "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." (Also see Jn 11:25; Col 3:4)
The Bible says that only God's name is LORD: Isaiah 45:18, "For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else."
God's name is also Lord, besides LORD: James 5:11, "Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy."
The Bible says that there is only one true Lord: Ephesians 4:4-5, "There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism."
Jesus Christ's name is Lord: Acts 10:36, "The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)" (Also see Matt 7:21; Jn 20:25; Acts 2:36; etc.). Philippians 2:11, "And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."
Matthew 12:8, "For the Son of man is Lord even of the Sabbath day." (Also see Mk 2:28)
K. Rock (God's name: Deu 32:4, 15, 18, 31)
Jesus Christ's name: I Corinthians 10:4, "And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ."
Jehovah God said He was the only saviour: Isaiah 43:11, "I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour." (He also called Himself the saviour in the following passages: Is 43:3; 45:15, 21; 49:26; 60:16; 63:8; Hos 13:4. Mary called God Saviour in Luke 1:47)
Paul called God the Saviour: Jude 25, "To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen." (Also see I Tim 1:1; 2:3; 4:10; Titus 1:3; 2:10; 3:4)
Jesus Christ is the only Saviour: Acts 4:12, "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved."
Jesus Christ is the Saviour of Israel: Acts 13:23, "Of this man's seed hath God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus."
Jesus Christ is God the Saviour: Titus 2:13, "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ."
II Peter 1:1, "Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ."
Titus 1:3-4, "But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour; To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour." (Also see Lk 2:11; Jn 4:42; Acts 5:31; Eph 5:23; Phil 3:20; II Tim 1:10; Tit 3:6; II Pet 1:11; 2:20; 3:2, 18; I Jn 4:14)
M. Stone of Stumbling (God's name: Is 8:13-14)
Jesus Christ's name: I Peter 2:7-8, "Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed."
V. Jesus Christ has the Power of God.
A. To forgive sins
God is declared as the only One who can forgive sins: Mark 2:7, "Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only?" (Also see Ps 51; 130:4; Is 43:25; Mic 7:18; Rom 8:33; Eph 4:32)
Yet, Jesus Christ forgave sins: Luke 7:48, "And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven." (Also see Matt 9:2; Mk 2:5; Acts 5:31; Col 3:13)
B. To give eternal life
God, self-existent, is the giver of eternal life: Psalms 36:9, "For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light." (Also see Ex 3:14; Ps 133:3; Is 44:6; Jn 5:26). Romans 6:23, "For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord." (Also see Col 2:13; I Jn 5:11)
Jesus Christ, self-existent, is the giver of eternal life: John 6:44, "No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day." (Bold mine). John 10:27-28, "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand." (Also see Jn 1:4; 5:21, 25-26; 6:27, 33, 39-40, 51-53; 8:58; 10:17-18; 11:25-26; 14:6; 17:2-5; 20:31; Col 3:4; Heb 7:16; I Jn 1:2; 4:9, 20)
C. To indwell believers
God is said to indwell believers when they are saved, in the person of God the Holy Spirit: I Corinthians 3:16, "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?" (Also see I Cor 14:25; II Cor 6:16; Eph 4:6)
Jesus Christ also dwells in the believer: II Corinthians 13:5, "Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?" (Also see Rom 8:10; Eph 3:17; Col 1:27)
D. Over the Elements
God the creator is the One who has power over His creation (see Jer 10:12), yet Jesus Christ exercised power over creation by His own word: Mark 4:39, "And he arose, and rebuked the wind, and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm." (Also see Lk 8:24-25)
Even the devils, also part of God's creation, were subject unto the name of Jesus: Luke 10:17, "And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name." (Also see Acts 16:18)
E. To present the church
God will present the church to Himself at the last time: Jude 24-25, "Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen."
Yet, Jesus Christ is said to be the One who will present the church to Himself:
Ephesians 5:27, "That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish." (Also see Tit 2:14; Rev 5:9)
F. To raise the dead
God is the One who has the power to raise the dead, and is said to be the One who raised Jesus Christ from the dead: I Corinthians 6:14, "And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power." (Also see Jn 5:21; Act 2:24; Rom 6:4; II Cor 4:14; Eph 1:20; Col 2:12; I Thes 1:10; Heb 13:20)
Yet, Jesus Christ also has the power to raise the dead and is said to be the One who raised Himself from the dead: John 6:40, "And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day." John 2:19-21, "Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body." (Also see Jn 6:54; 10:17-18; 11:25)
G. To support and preserve creation
God is the preserver of His creation: Nehemiah 9:6, "Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee." (Also see Rom 11:36; I Cor 8:6; I Pet 1:5)
Jesus Christ preserves the creation: Colossians 1:17, "And he is before all things, and by him all things consist." (Also see I Cor 8:6; Heb 1:3; Jude 1)
VI. Jesus Christ has the Offices of God.
God is the creator of the universe, and all that is therein: Genesis 1:1, "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." Revelation 4:11, "Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power; for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created." (Also see Neh 9:6; Job 9:8; Prov 26:10; Is 37:16; Is 40:28; 44:24; Heb 3:3-4)
Jesus Christ is the creator of all things also, therefore Jesus Christ and God the Father must be one God: John 1:1-3, 10, "In the beginning was the Word, and Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not." (Also see Zech 12:1-10; I Cor 8:6; Eph 3:9; Col 1:15-18; Heb 1:2, 10; Rev 3:14)
Jehovah God is the Father of mankind: Isaiah 64:8, "But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand." (Also see Deu 14:1; I Chr 29:10; Ps 89:26; Is 63:16; Matt 5:45; 6:4; 7:11; 10:20; 11:25; 12:50; 13:43; 15:13; 16:17; etc.)
Jesus Christ is the Father: Isaiah 9:6, "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."
God is the husband of His creation: Isaiah 54:5, "For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called." (Also see Is 62:5)
Jesus Christ is the husband of His creation, the bride of Christ: Revelation 21:9, "And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife." (Also see Eph 5:25-32)
God is the Judge of the whole earth: Genesis 18:25-26, "Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes." (Also see Ecc 12:14; II Tim 4:1)
Jesus Christ is the Judge: II Timothy 4:1, "I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom." (Also see Jn 12:48; Acts 10:42; Rom 14:10; II Cor 5:10)
E. King - See outline section IV. Names of God, sub-point F. King.
God is the Redeemer: Isaiah 48:17, "Thus saith the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go." (Also see Is 49:7, 26; 54:5, 8; 59:20; 60:16; Jer 50:34)
Jesus Christ is the Christian's Redeemer: Revelation 5:9, "And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation." (Also see Rom 3:24; I Cor 1:30; Gal 4:5; Eph 1:7; Col 1:14; Tit 2:14; Heb 9:12)
G. Saviour - See outline section IV. Names of God, sub-point L. Saviour
God is the Shepherd: Psalms 80:1, "Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth." (Also see Ps 23:1-3; Is 40:11)
Jesus Christ is the Shepherd: John 10:11, "I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." (Also see Heb 13:20; I Pet 2:25; 5:4)
VII. Jesus Christ has the Attributes of God.
Jesus Christ possesses all of the attributes of God that make Him God. Jesus Christ must therefore be the only One who can possess these attributes: Jehovah God.
A. Eternal and Pre-existent
God is pre-existent and eternal: Psalms 90:2, "Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God." (Also see Deu 33:27; Ps 93:2; 102:26-27; Is 40:28; 63:16; I Tim 1:17; Heb 1:8; Rev 4:8-10)
Jesus Christ is pre-existent and eternal: Micah 5:2, "But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting." (Also see Gen 1:26; Ps 45:6; 102:24-27; Is 9:6; 48:16; Jn 1:1-3; 6:62; 8:56-58; 17:5; Rom 11:36; I Cor 8:6; Col 1:15-17; II Tim 1:9; Heb 1:1-2, 8-12; 4:8; 7:24; 13:8; I Jn 1:1-2; Rev 1:8, 11, 17-18; 4:11; 5:13-14; 22:13)
God said that He would not give His glory to another: Isaiah 42:8, "I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images." (Also see Is 48:11)
Jesus Christ revealed the glory He had, the glory of God: Matthew 17:2, "And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light." (Also see Jn 17:5; 18:6; Heb 1:3)
Isaiah saw this glory, the glory of God in Isaiah 6:1-10. This prophecy was referenced to Jesus Christ in John 12:37-41.
The Bible declares that only God is holy: Revelation 15:4, "Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest."
One of the main themes of the Old Testament is the holiness of Jehovah God:
Isaiah 6:3, "And one cried unto another, and said, holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory." (Also see I Sam 2:2; Is 12:6; 29:19; 43:14; 47:4; 49:7; Ez 39:7; Hos 11:9; Hab 1:12; Jn 17:11; Rev 4:8; 15:4)
Jesus Christ is called the Holy One: Acts 3:14, "But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you." (Also see Mk 1:24; Lk 1:35; 4:34; Acts 4:27, 30; 13:35; Heb 7:26; Rev 3:7)
God is declared immutable, or unchangeable: Malachi 3:6, "For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed." (Also see Num 23:19; I Sam 15:29; Ps 102:26-27; Ecc 3:14; 7:13; Is 31:2; Heb 6:18; Jas 1:17)
Jesus Christ is immutable: Hebrews 13:8, "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever." (Also see Matt 11:27; Heb 1:12)
God is just: Deuteronomy 32:4, "He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he." (Also see Job 4:17; Is 45:21)
Jesus Christ is just: Acts 3:14, "But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you." (Also see Zech 9:9; Matt 27:19; Jn 5:30; Acts 22:14)
God is light, and will be the light in heaven: Isaiah 60:19-20, "The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory." (Also see Jas 1:17; I Jn 1:5; Rev 22:5)
Jesus Christ is light, and will be the light in heaven: John 8:12, "Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life." Revelation 21:23, "And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof." (Also see Is 42:6; Jn 1:4-9; 3:19-21; 9:5; 12:35-36)
God is all-powerful, as only the true God can be: Jeremiah 32:27, "Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh: is there any thing too hard for me?" (Also see Gen 18:14; Job 42:2; Ps 33:9; Matt 19:26; Lk 1:37; I Pet 1:5; Rev 19:6)
Jesus Christ is all-powerful, as only the true God can be: Matthew 28:18, "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." (Also see Ps 45:3-5; Is 9:6; Matt 8:27; 10:1; Lk 5:17; Jn 5:21; 10:18; I Cor 1:24; II Cor 12:9; Phil 3:20-21; Heb 1:3; Rev 1:8)
God is present everywhere, as only the true God can be: Jeremiah 23:24, "Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the LORD." (Also see II Chr 6:18; Ps 139:7-10; Acts 17:27-28)
Jesus Christ is also present everywhere, as only the true God can be: Matthew 28:20, "Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen." (Also see Matt 18:20; Jn 3:13; I Cor 1:2)
God knows everything that was, is, or will be, and He knows the thoughts of man, as only the true God can: Psalms 147:5, "Great is our Lord, and of great power: his understanding is infinite." (Also see I Ki 8:39; I Chr 28:9; Job 42:2; Ps 94:11; 139:1-6; Is 40:28; Jer 17:10; Ez 11:5; Dan 2:20; Rom 16:27; I Tim 1:17)
Jesus Christ also knows all things and the thoughts of man: John 21:17, "He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep." (Also see Matt 9:4; 12:25; 22:18; 24:3-31; 25; 26:46; Mk 2:8; 11:2-6; 14:13-15; 22:10-13; Lk 5:22; 6:8; 9:47; Jn 1:48; 2:24-25; 4:16-19; 5:42; 6:64; 13:11; 16:30; 18:4; Acts 1:24; I Cor 1:24; Col 2:3; Rev 2:18, 23; Rev 5:12)
The Bible states that there is none righteous: Romans 3:10, "There is none righteous, no, not one." (Also see I Ki 8:46)
God is righteous: Psalms 111:3, "His work is honourable and glorious: and his righteousness endureth for ever." (Also see Ps 7:9; 71:15; 112:4; 116:5; 119:137; 145:17; Is 51:8; Jer 12:1; Matt 6:33; Jn 17:25; Rom 1:17; Rom 3; 10:3; II Pet 1:1; Rev 16:5)
Jesus Christ is righteous: I John 2:1, "My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous." (Also see Ps 45:7; Is 11:4-5; 53:11; Jer 23:5; Lk 23:47; II Cor 5:21; Heb 1:9; II Pet 1:1; I Jn 2:29)
L. Sinless (Spotless)
God is without sin: Deu 32:4, "He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he." (Also see Job 34:10; Hab 1:12-13; Matt 5:48; Jas 1:13; I Jn 1:5)
Jesus Christ is without sin: Hebrews 4:15, "For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin." (Also see Is 53:9, 11; 59:17; Jn 8:46; 18:38; II Cor 5:21; Heb 1:9; 7:26-28; 9:14; I Pet 1:19; 2:22; I Jn 3:5)
God the final authority of what is truth, is declared as true: John 3:33, "He that hath received his testimony hath set to his seal that God is true." (Also see Jn 7:28; 8:26; 17:3; II Cor 1:18; I Th 1:9; Rev 6:10)
Jesus Christ is also truth: John 14:6, "Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." (Also see Matt 22:16; Mk 12:14; Jn 1:14; 7:18; 8:14, 16; 15:1; I Jn 2:8; 5:20; Rev 3:7, 14; 19:11)
If Jesus Christ is plainly called God in the Word of God, is equal to God in every way, and possesses all of the attributes, power, names, and offices of God; then He is by declaration and by definition the one and only "God," for there can only be one all-powerful, all-knowing, all-present God. That God is the Lord Jesus Christ, God the Son, Jehovah of the Old and New Testament; "The mighty God, the everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace," Isaiah 9:6.
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